Index

 

Martin Luther’s Original

Church Postil

1544

 

Summer Postil

(Trinity Sunday - 12. Sunday after Trinity)

 

 

 

Trinity Sunday;

Romans 11:33-36

The Holy Trinity

DIVINE MYSTERIES INEXPLICABLE TO REASON.

”O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and the knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past tracing out!”

”For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counselor? or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?”

THREE CLASSES OF PEOPLE.

”For of him, and through him, and unto him, are all things. To him be the glory for ever.”

EVERYTHING IS OF GOD.

 

 

 

TRINITY SUNDAY - SECOND SERMON.

ROMANS 11:33-36.

THE DOCTRINE OF THE TRINITY.

SCRIPTURE PROOF THAT CHRIST IS GOD

PAUL AND MOSES AGREE IN TESTIMONY

PHYSICAL LIFE INEXPLICABLE TO REASON.

THE THIRD PERSON OF THE TRINITY.

 

 

 

TRINITY SUNDAY

(or sunday after Pentecost)

JOHN 3:1-15.

“Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God” etc.

“Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except one be born anew, he cannot see the kingdom of God.”

“How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born?”

“Jesus answered: Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except one be born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.”

“That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.”

“Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born anew. The wind bloweth where it will, and thou hearest the voice thereof, but knowest not whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.”

“Nicodemus answered and said to him, How can these things be? Jesus answered and said unto him, Art thou the teacher of Israel, and understandest not these things? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that which we know, and bear witness of that which we have seen; and ye receive not our witness.”

“Verily, verily, I say unto thee, we speak that which we know, and bear witness of that which we have seen,” etc.

“If I told you earthly things and ye believe not, how shall ye believe if I tell you heavenly things?’

“And no one hath ascended into heaven, but he that descended out of heaven, even the Son of man, who is in heaven?

“And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up; that whosoever believeth may in him have eternal life.”

 

 

 

 

First Sunday after Trinity;

Luke 16:19-31

The Rich Man & Lazarus

PART I.

THE RICH MAN.

PART II.

POOR LAZARUS.

PART III.

QUESTIONS SUGGESTED AND ANSWERED

 

 

 

 

SECOND SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY

1 JOHN 3:13-18.

EXHORTATION TO BROTHERLY LOVE

THE WORLD’S HATRED

CAIN THE WORLD, ABEL THE CHURCH

LOVE MOVES CHRISTIANS

“We know that we have passed out of death into life, because we love the brethren.”

“He that loveth not abideth in death.”

“Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.”

HATRED NATURAL TO HUMAN REASON

“Hereby know we love, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren. But whoso hath the world’s goods, and beholdeth his brother in need, and shutteth up his compassion from him, how doth the love of God abide in him?”

“My little children, let us not love in word, neither with the tongue; but in deed and truth.”

 

 

 

 

SECOND SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

LUKE 14:16-24.

“A certain man made a great supper.”

“And he bade many.”

“And they all with one consent began to make excuse.”

“Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servants, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city and bring in hither the poor, and maimed, and blind, and lame.”

“And the Lord said unto the servant, Go out into the high. ways and hedges, and constrain them to come in that my house may be filled.”

 

 

 

 

THIRD SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY

1 PETER 5:5-11.

HUMILITY, TRUST, WATCHFULNESS, SUFFERING

I. HUMILITY

PRIDE OPPOSED TO THE FIRST TABLE

PRIDE OPPOSED TO THE SECOND TABLE

THE BEAUTY OF HUMILITY

“For God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace to the humble.”

THE CONSEQUENCE OF PRIDE

“Humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time.”

THE REWARD OF HUMILITY

“Casting all your anxiety upon him, because he careth for you.”

“Be sober, be watchful: your adversary the Devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour: whom withstand stedfast in your faith.”

WATCHFULNESS ENJOINED

SOBERNESS ESSENTIAL

FAITH, NOT WORLDLY WISDOM, ESSENTIAL

GOD’S WORD THE CHRISTIAN’S GUIDE

“Knowing that the same sufferings are accomplished in your brethren who are in the world.”

CONDUCT IN SUFFERING

OF TEMPTATION

 

 

 

 

Third Sunday after Trinity;

Luke 15:1-10

Parable of the Lost Sheep: A marvelously comforting sermon that Luther first preached to the Elector of Saxony in 1533.

_____________

PART II.

”What man of you, having a hundred sheep, and having lost one of them, doth not leave the ninety and nine in the wilderness, and go after that which is lost, until he find it?”

 

 

 

 

FOURTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY

ROMANS 8:18-22

CONSOLATION IN SUFFERING, AND PATIENCE.

“For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shal be revealed to usward [in us].”

THE REWARD

“For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the revealing [manifestation] of the sons of God. For the creation was subjected to vanity, not of its own will, but by reason of him who subjected it, in hope: [For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope;]”

THE TRAVAIL OF CREATION.

 

 

 

 

FOURTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY

SECOND SERMON.

ROMANS 8:18-22.

REDEMPTION OF THE CREATURES.

THE CHRISTIAN’S GLORY TO BE REVEALED

OF HOPE

“That the creation itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the liberty of the glory of the children of God.” “[Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God.]”

“For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now.”

 

 

 

 

FOURTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

LUKE 6:36-42.

THE RIGHT CONDUCT TO ONE’S ENEMIES

 

 

 

 

FIFTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY

1 PETER 3:8-15.

EXHORTATION TO THE FRUITS OF FAITH

SYMPATHY A CHRISTIAN VIRTUE

OF LOVE

“Loving as brethren.”

OF MERCY

“Tenderhearted, humbleminded” [friendly].

“Not rendering evil for evil, or reviling for reviling; but contrariwise blessing: for hereunto were ye called, that ye should inherit a blessing.”

OF PATIENCE

“He that would love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile: and let him turn away from evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and pursue it. For the eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous, and his ears unto their supplication: but the face of the Lord is upon them that do evil.”

THE CHRISTIAN’S PEACE

GUARDING THE LIPS

GOOD WORKS

“For the eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous, and his ears unto their supplication.”

GOD OVER ALL

“And who is he that will harm you, if ye be zealous of that which is good? But even if ye should suffer for righteousness’ sake, blessed are ye.”

“Fear not their fear, neither be troubled; but sanctify in your hearts Christ as Lord.”

TRUST IN GOD ENJOINED

 

 

 

 

FIFTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

LUKE 5:1-11.

PART I

CONCERNING FAITH, THE CARE OF GOD, AND OUR DAILY OCCUPATION

PART II

THE SPIRITUAL DISTRESS AND CONFLICT OF CONSCIENCE

PART III

THE SPIRITUAL MEANING OF THIS DRAUGHT OF FISHES

 

 

 

 

SIXTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY

ROMANS 6:3-11.

EXHORTATION TO CHRISTIAN LIVING.

GRACE DOES NOT GIVE LICENSE TO SIN.

THE POWER OF BAPTISM.

CHRISTIAN GROWTH.

SPIRITUAL AND PHYSICAL RESURRECTION.

 

 

 

 

SIXTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

MATTHEW 5:20-26.

PART 1

CONCERNING ANGER

PART 2

CONCERNING THE SIGNS OF ANGER

 

 

 

 

SEVENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY

ROMANS 6:19-23.

EXHORTATION TO RESIST SIN

GOOD WORKS NOT FORBIDDEN

GOOD AND EVIL  - “AFTER THE MANNER OF MEN”

“I speak after the manner of men, because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye presented your members as members to uncleanness,” etc.

THE TEACHINGS OF REASON

GOSPEL HIGHER THAN REASON

BODY NOT TO SERVE SIN

“For as ye presented [yielded] your members as servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity, even so now present [yield] your members as servants to righteousness unto sanctification [holiness].”

“For when ye were servants of sin, ye were free in regard of [free from] righteousness.”

FRUITS OF TWO KINDS OF SERVICE

“What fruit then had ye at that time in the things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death. But now being made free from sin and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto sanctification [holiness], and the end eternal life.”

“For the wages of sin is death; but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.”

 

 

 

 

SEVENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

MARK 8:1-9.

PART 1

THE ADMONITION AND CONSOLATION

PART 2

THE DOCTRINES

A. THE CHIEF DOCTRINES

B. OTHER DOCTRINES

 

 

 

 

EIGHTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY

ROMANS 8:12-17.

LIVING IN THE SPIRIT AS GOD’S CHILDREN

“We are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh.”

“For if ye live after the flesh, ye must die.”

PUTTING TO DEATH SIN

“But if by the Spirit ye put to death the deeds of the body, ye shall live.”

“For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are the sons of God.”

MEANING OF “LED BY THE SPIRIT OF GOD”

“For ye received not the spirit of bondage again unto fear; but ye received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.”

TWO KINDS OF PREACHING AND OF WORKS

CHILDREN OF GOD

“The Spirit himself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are children of God.”

HEIRS OF GOD

“And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified with him.”

 

 

 

 

EIGHTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY

MATTHEW 7:15-23.

“Beware of false prophets.”

“Who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravening wolves.”

“By their fruits ye shall know them.”

“Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but the corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit,” etc.

“Therefore by their fruits ye shall know them.”

“Not everyone that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven: but he that doeth the will of my Father who is in heaven.”

 

 

 

 

NINTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY

1 CORINTHIANS 10:6-13.

CARNAL SECURITY AND ITS VICES

ISRAEL’S CARNAL SECURITY A WARNING TO US

ISRAEL’S VICES IN THE WILDERNESS PUNISHED

ISRAEL’S TRIAL OF GOD

MURMURING AGAINST GOD OPEN REVOLT

ISRAEL’S CAREER AN ADMONITION TO INDIVIDUALS

“Now these things happened unto them by way of example; and they were written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages are come.”

“Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.”

“There hath no temptation taken you but such as man can bear [such as is common to man]: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able.”

 

 

 

 

NINTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

LUKE 16:1-9.

I. FAITH ALONE MAKES US GOOD, AND FRIENDS OF GOD

II. ALL WORKS MUST BE DONE FREELY AND GRATUITOUSLY, WITHOUT SEEKING GAIN BY THEM

III. IT IS NOT THE SAINTS, BUT GOD ONLY WHO RECEIVES US INTO THE ETERNAL TABERNACLES, AND BESTOWS THE REWARD

 

 

 

 

TENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY

1 CORINTHIANS 12:1-11.

SPIRITUAL COUNSEL FOR CHURCH OFFICERS

PERFECT HARMONY NOT TO BE EXPECTED

“Ye know that when ye were Gentiles ye were led away unto those dumb idols, howsoever ye might be led.”

CAVILERS THEMSELVES LED ASTRAY

FAITH IN THE ONE CHRIST PRODUCTIVE OF UNITY

“Wherefore I make known unto you that no man speaking in the Spirit of God saith, Jesus is anathema [calleth Jesus accursed]; and no man can say, Jesus is Lord, but in the Holy Spirit.”

THE SPIRIT, THE TEST OF THE TRUE TEACHER.

HOLY SPIRIT ALONE GIVES ASSURANCE

CHRISTIANS TO GIVE ALL GLORY TO GOD

“Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.”

THE TRINITY

SPIRITUAL GIFTS SPECIFIED

THE WORD OF KNOWLEDGE

THE GIFT OF PROPHECY

THE GIFT OF FAITH

MEANING OF “WORKINGS”

MEANING OF “ADMINISTRATIONS”

DIVERSITY OF GIFTS NO REASON FOR SECTS

 

 

 

 

Tenth Sunday after Trinity;

Luke 19:41-48

The Prophesy of the Destruction of Jerusalem and the Cleansing of the Temple

”If thou hadst known in this day, even thou, the things that belong unto peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.”

”For the days shall come upon thee, when thy enemies shall cast up a bank about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side and shall dash thee to the ground and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knowest not the time of thy visitation.”

APPLICATION TO GERMANY.

”And he entered into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold, saying unto them: It is written, And my house shall be a house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of robbers.”

PART II.

THE CLEANSING OF THE TEMPLE.

THE CONCLUSION.

THE SECOND PART OF THIS GOSPEL.

”And he entered into the temple, and began to cast out those that sold, saying unto them: It is written, And my house shall be a house of prayer, but ye have made it a den of robbers.”

 

 

 

 

ELEVENTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY

LUKE 18:9-14.

 

 

 

 

TWELFTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY

2 CORINTHIANS 3:4-11.

GOSPEL TRANSCENDS LAW

PAUL’S CONVERTS LIVING EPISTLES

“Such confidence have we through Christ to God-ward: not that we are sufficient of ourselves, to account anything as from ourselves; but our sufficiency is from God.”

TRUE PREACHERS COMMISSIONED BY GOD

HUMAN DOCTRINE NO PLACE IN THE CHURCH

“But our sufficiency is from God.”

THE NEW COVENANT

“Who also made us sufficient as ministers of a new covenant; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.”

“SPIRIT” AND “LETTER”

CHRIST SUPERSEDES MOSES

CHRIST THE SOURCE OF LIFE GREATER THAN ADAM THE SOURCE OF DEATH

THE LAW INEFFECTUAL

“For the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.”

TERRORS OF THE LAW

EFFICACY OF THE GOSPEL

GLORY OF THE GOSPEL

“But if the ministration of death, written, and engraven on stones, came with glory, so that the children of Israel could not look steadfastly upon the face of Moses for the glory of his face; which glory was passing away: how shall not rather the ministration of the Spirit be with glory? For if the ministration of condemnation hath glory, much rather doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.”

“For verily that which hath been made glorious hath not been made glorious in this respect, by reason of the glory that surpasseth.”

 

 

 

 

TWELFTH SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

MARK 7:31-37.

 

 

 

 

 

Web-redaktør:

 

 

Cand.theol. Finn B. Andersen

 

 

E-mail-adresse

 

 

finnbandersen@msn.com